TAX TRIMMER: THE BUDGET CAN HELP YOU GROW YOUR WEALTH.HERES HOW
The single most important provision is Section 80C.Under it,one can invest up to Rs 1 lakh in approved schemes and save up to Rs 30,900 in tax.If ones income is more than Rs 1 crore,he can save up to Rs 33,990.Investment of up to Rs 1 lakh is deducted from taxable income and tax liability reduced accordingly.
Public provident fund (PPF):
Investment up to Rs 100,000 allowed.That means,the entire limit of Rs 1 lakh investments allowed under Section 80C can be exhausted by investing in PPF. The return, fixed every year,is currently at 8.8%.This is the only instrument which is completely tax free.Lock-in period: 15 years.Effective post-tax return for a person who pays tax at the rate of 30% is 16.5%.
Investment up to Rs 1 lakh allowed.But annual premium amount should be at least 20% of the sum assured.Lock-in period: 5 years.Returns depend on market.Money received on maturity after five years will be tax free in case of Unit linked Insurance Plan (ULIP).But for general insurance schemes,it will be treated as income of that year and taxed accordingly.
Investment up to Rs 1 lakh allowed in ELSS.Lock-in period: 3 years.Return from these instruments is completely tax-free.But investors are subject to market risks.
Amount of up to Rs 1 lakh paid as tuition fee for education of two children of an assessee can be deducted from total income.Part of overall Rs 1 lakh limit under section 80C.
Repayment of home loan:
Repayment of principal up to Rs 1 lakh in a year gets tax benefit under 80C.Amount is deducted from taxable income.Payment up to Rs 1.50 lakh as interest on loan taken to buy house for self-use also exempt from tax.An additional deduction of Rs 1 lakh is allowed if one buys his first house taking a loan of upto Rs 25 lakh and the value of the property does not exceed Rs 40 lakh.Along with provision of repayment of principal,a housing loan can enable assessee to get income up to Rs 3.5 lakh exempted.
Investment up to Rs 1 lakh in pension fund of an insurance company can be deducted from taxable income.Part of overall limit of Rs 1 lakh under 80C.Taxable on withdrawal.
Repayment of educational loan:
Interest paid while repaying education loan for own,or kins,higher studies exempt from I-T.Repayment of principal does not qualify for exemption.Not part of cap of Rs 1 lakh under Section 80C.
Premium for mediclaim policy:
You can claim deduction of up to Rs 20,000 for purchase of mediclaim policy for your parents if they are senior citizens or otherwise up to Rs 15,000.This is besides the Rs 15,000 deduction against purchase of mediclaim policy for yourself.
Times of India, New Delhi, 01-03-2013